The process is the journey a child takes when they are creating. The product is what they end up with as a result of that journey. Both are important. Process-oriented experiences are those experiences that are open-ended, child-directed, and focused on the experience rather than the outcome. For example, children create a piece of art, write their own scripts for a play, or experiment with building a structure out of a variety of materials. Product-oriented experiences have a clearly defined goal or outcome. An adult often decides upon the goal. For example, a class of school-age children might all make identical jack-o'-lantern faces out of construction paper at Halloween. During the journey of processing a creative experience, school-age children will have the opportunity to be creative, take risks, and include their own interpretations, personalities, and feelings.
In this activity you will be reflecting on what you think about process and product oriented experiences and why it is important to emphasize the process of art. Answer the questions below and share your work with your supervisor, trainer, or coach when you are finished.
- In your own words, explain process-oriented versus product-oriented experiences.
- Why do you think the emphasis is placed on the process during creative art or literature experiences?
- In what types of experiences should product be the emphasis?
- Take a look at the photos below. Explain what you see in terms of process-oriented versus product-oriented experiences.
|Photo||What do you see?|