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    Objectives
    • Reflect on your lifestyle and how events in your youth affected the person you have become.
    • Recognize the importance of providing encouragement and motivation to school-age children, especially when it comes to being physically active.
    • Develop methods of providing encouragement and motivation to school-age children.

    Learn

    Learn

    Know

    Personal Reflection

    Think about your life as a school-age child. Do you remember being physically active? Did you play sports or spend most of your free time playing outside? What are some of your good memories surrounding physical activity? Good memories might include winning a baseball tournament or having a coach that motivated you to do your best. You might remember trying new sports with great success or hiking in the woods with your family or friends. There may also be some memories that are not so good. There may have been a time you were picked last for a team or tried out a new activity and didn’t do well. You may also remember feeling uncoordinated or self-conscious about being physically active.

    Now, think about how those memories and reflections influenced the person you are today. Did they lay a foundation for you to become active as an adult? Did having a difficult time as a child motivate you or did it make it difficult for you to find your right-fit activity?

    Providing Motivation and Encouragement

    In today’s digital age, school-age children are becoming less physically active. It will be part of your role as a school-age staff member to provide motivation and encouragement for children to live an active lifestyle. One of the best ways to provide motivation is to explain the connection between being healthy and being active in a way that school-age children can understand. In addition to providing information, you can help encourage and motivate children by using these methods:

    • Choose fun, developmentally appropriate physical activities. When children are enjoying an activity, they will feel good about themselves and want to continue. They will feel comfortable being active and want to be physically active in the future.
    • Plan activities that are challenging, but not impossible. You want school-age children to complete an activity that is planned; if it is too challenging, it could be discouraging for children, especially those that are not naturally athletic. As their comfort levels and abilities increase, you can make the activities and challenges more difficult.
    • Consider planning activities with a variety of skills so that all children, even those who are not typically physically active or athletic, can participate and have fun. For example, if planning an obstacle course, create two separate courses, one that is easy and one that is difficult.
    • Limit screen time for the school-age children in your care. Screen time can be considered any exposure to a digital screen such as a computer, television, video game, phone, tablet, etc. Teachers’ lesson plans should not rely on screen time to occupy students. Limited technology should be used to enhance learning and physical activity should be emphasized.
    • Share with parents that for children 6 and older, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends consistent time limits on media. Make sure screen use does not interfere with a child’s ability to get adequate sleep and physical activity. AAP also recommends: designating media-free times together, such as dinner or driving; media-free locations at home, such as bedrooms; and ongoing communication about online citizenship and safety, including treating others with respect online and offline.
    • Provide equipment that encourages physical activities, such as sports equipment.
    • Consider taking part in a physical fitness challenge, either at your program or in your community.

    Be a Role Model

    Be a role model by participating in the activities with the children. It is OK if you are not naturally athletic. If children see you trying, she or he may be encouraged to do the same. The best way you can be a role model for school-age children is to take care of your own physical health and to try to lead a healthy lifestyle. Some methods of doing this in the learning environment are:

    • Eat a well-balanced diet.
    • Keep a positive attitude; never say negative things about yourself or your appearance (or the appearance of others).
    • Participate in physical activities with children.
    • Stretch your muscles before participating in a physical activity and encourage children to do the same.
    • Take safe risks, such as trying a sport or activity you’ve never done before. Let children teach you a skill if they are able to.

    Encouraging Family Involvement: A Lifetime of Wellness

    In the Families course, you learned how to create and maintain family partnerships and encourage family engagement. A great way to motivate children to be physically active is to include their families. Studies show that children who live in a household with active parents are more likely to be active themselves. Similarly, when children and parents participate together in physical activity, healthy lifestyle habits are more likely to be formed. A great example of getting families involved in being active with their children is FitFamily, which is a web-based goal incentive program developed by the U.S. Air Force. The program encourages families to be active together and to log their process.

    Here are some ideas you can implement in your program to help families support their school-age children’s physical activity:

    • Plan family events that incorporate physical activities such as field-day competitions or group games like softball or kickball.
    • Have Service family members give demonstrations of skills used in military trainings and exercises.
    • Ask parents to form committees or advisory groups to support physical activity at home.
    • Challenge children and their families to track their activities at home, such as steps taken during a specific period of time or miles traveled on family bike rides.
    • Create contests, such as jump-rope contests, tug-of-war challenges, and dance competitions, for children and families to participate in at your program.

    The U.S. government initiative Move Your Way provides information about helping families set goals for wellness and healthy living at https://health.gov/moveyourway/. Explore this link and consider using some of the materials and resources with families of children in your care, such as this fact sheet for children: https://health.gov/paguidelines/moveyourway/materials/PAG_MYW_Kids_FS.pdf

    See

    Part of your role as a school-age staff member is to encourage children to live an active, healthy life. Watch this video for some examples of how to support the health and activity of school-age children.

    Encouraging Active Lifestyles

    Methods of encouraging active lifestyles

    Do

    In today’s digital age, school-age children are increasingly engaging in less physical activity. Your role as a school-age staff member includes providing motivation and encouragement of an active lifestyle:

    • Provide motivation and encouragement to all school-age children by always being positive and optimistic.
    • Be a role model for school-age children by taking care of your own body and participating in physical activities.
    • Create an environment where school-age children feel safe taking risks and trying new activities.
    • Include families in physical-fitness activities and challenges.

    Explore

    Explore

    Complete the Providing Encouragement for All Children activity. Then share your answers with your trainer, coach, or administrator.

    Apply

    Apply

    Complete the Physical Activity Plan. Then share your answers with your coach, trainer, or administrator. 

    Demonstrate

    Demonstrate
    Assessment

    Q1

    Your co-worker, Sasha has designed an obstacle course for the school-age children in her group. She is discouraged because many of the children completed the course quickly and did not seem to enjoy the activity, and others did not attempt to complete the course at all. What is most likely to be the problem?

    Q2

    Which of the following is NOT a way for families to encourage their school-age children to be physically active?

    Q3

    True or false? The best way to model an active lifestyle is to talk to school-age children about being physically active on a daily basis.

    References & Resources

    Action for Healthy Kids. (2019). Game on activity library. https://www.actionforhealthykids.org/game-on-activity-library/

    Action for Healthy Kids. (2019). Tip sheets: Before and after school activities. https://www.actionforhealthykids.org/references/ 

    American Academy of Pediatrics. (2016). AAP Announces New Recommendations for Children’s Media Use. https://healthychildren.org/English/news/Pages/AAP-Announces-New-Recommendations-for-Childrens-Media-Use.aspx

    The Aspen Institute: Project Play. (2015).  Sport for all, play for life: a playbook to get every kid in the game. Retrieved from http://youthreport.projectplay.us/

    Child Care Aware (n.d.). Resources and Links. Retrieved from https://www.childcareaware.org/library/

    Let’s Move. (2015). Get Active. 

    Move Your Way. (2018). Retrieved from https://health.gov/moveyourway/

    U.S. Army MWR. (2014). Get Fit-Be Strong. Retrieved from http://www.armymwr.com/