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    Objectives
    • Learn about characteristics of effective professional family child care providers.
    • Discuss the four developmental stages of teachers.
    • Identify practices that reflect professionalism in your work as a family child care provider.

    Learn

    Learn

    Know

    Developing your sense of professionalism does not happen overnight. On the contrary, it is a process that involves a wide range of experiences. Just like when you are learning a new skill, you have to invest time and effort in getting information, practicing new things, and interacting with other individuals. Nurturing your professionalism requires ongoing work, energy, and commitment. In your daily interactions with children, youth, and families, you always bring who you are: your interests, your personality, your temperament, your background experiences, and your special abilities and talents. 

    Characteristics of Effective Professional Family Child Care Providers

    Professionals who deal directly with children and their families have a special obligation to behave in ways that benefit those they serve. According to the author of Professionalism in Early Childhood Education, Stephanie Feeney, values that are foundational to professions based on human relationships are caring, compassion, empathy, respect for others, and trustworthiness. Effective early child care professionals above all are dedicated to serving the needs of children, youth, and families. As a family child care provider, you should have a clear mission and philosophy that you can express and that you demonstrate each day through your professional behavior.

    Essential elements of professional behavior include knowledge and skills about a field, communication and relationship skills, work ethic, and professional ethics. Each of these elements is further discussed below.

    Knowledge and Skills

    A family child care provider who wants to behave in a professional manner must acquire the skills and knowledge needed to work with children, youth, and families. Understanding children’s development across a variety of ages is absolutely essential in family child care. Individual courses within the Virtual Lab School provide extensive information on the specific topics you need to know in order to expand your knowledge and skills as a family child care provider.

    You should refer to these courses for comprehensive information about child and youth development. Along with child and youth development, knowledge about topics such as safe environments, learning environments, healthy environments, positive guidance, child abuse, and family engagement will strengthen your competence and enable you to positively affect the lives of children and families you engage with. Optimum development is achieved when children and youth are healthy, emotionally secure, and socially connected. It is your job to:

    • Make sure that children are healthy and safe by keeping a clean environment and promoting healthy habits.
    • Make sure children are emotionally secure by responding to their cues and addressing their needs in a nurturing and timely manner.
    • Make sure children are socially connected by fostering relationships between them and others during daily and program routines.
    • Make sure that children’s families and home cultures are at the forefront of your work.

    Communication and Relationships

    An important aspect of your work as a family child care provider is the relationships you create and nurture with children, youth, families, and other supporting professionals. Establishing these relationships can make or break your experience. Relationships form over time and require ongoing effort and commitment. Whether you are engaging with children, youth, families, or community members, nurturing those relationships early on is critical to your success. While working with others can present difficulties or challenges, it is your responsibility to maintain professional conduct. When faced with a challenging situation, it may help to process your experience by seeking advice or feedback from a trusted colleague or mentor.

    Work Ethic

    Being a family child care provider can be rewarding and at the same time challenging. It requires dedication, commitment, problem-solving skills, and a willingness to learn, change, and be flexible to address the multiple and often complex needs of the children in your care.

    A Developmental Perspective

    When talking about professionalism, Dr. Lilian Katz identifies four developmental stages of those who care and educate children. As you read the information below on each of these stages, think about where you are in your own journey toward professionalism as a family child care provider.

    Developmental Stages of Those Who Care For and Educate Children

    Stage I: SurvivalThis stage generally refers to the first year or two of teaching, when an educator’s primary concern is “surviving” in their role engaging with children and families. During this time, educators need support, guidance, and encouragement.
    Stage II: ConsolidationWith the completion of their initial years of teaching, educators come to see themselves as capable of managing their day-to-day responsibilities. Ongoing training and support in their program continue to be significant for their growth.
    Stage III: RenewalDuring this stage, teachers become interested in new developments in the field. They may benefit from joining professional organizations and participating in various professional-development experiences, such as conferences or other professional meetings.
    Stage IV: MaturityIt may take a few years after beginning to work with children and families for an educator to reach maturity. During this time, educators feel confident about their own competence and begin to ask more complex questions about their practice. At this stage, they also continue to benefit from conferences or seminars, ongoing education or training, reading professional literature, and engaging with other educators.

    Being an Effective Professional

    Effective family child care providers enjoy their work and show it. They create positive, welcoming environments for the children, youth, and families they work with. And they strive for excellence in their interactions with others and in the experiences they plan. Effective professional family child care providers value collaboration and acknowledge it is important to work with families, other family child care providers, supporting professionals (e.g., staff members from schools and agencies), and community members. They also know it is important to have fun and laugh, celebrate successes, and acknowledge their efforts and the efforts of others.

    You may plan joyful events that build community among the children you care for and their families. Some examples are celebrating children’s birthdays and family life events with potluck suppers, attending a professional conference with some parents in your program, organizing family events at a local park, or inviting families to share a skill or hobby with the children in your home setting.

    See

    Developing Your Sense of Professionalism

    Watch this video to learn about developing your sense of professionalism.

    Do

    Take time to review the practices listed below that highlight professionalism when working with children and families in your care:

    • Respect each child and family in your care and acknowledge diversity and individual differences in growth, background, values, and beliefs.
    • Demonstrate genuine interest about all children and families and make an effort to get to know them.
    • Acknowledge that families know their children best and learn to view them as partners and collaborators in your practice. Reach out to them and invite their input.
    • Keep information about children and their families confidential.
    • Provide a variety of developmentally appropriate choices and experiences for children in your care.
    • Have developmentally appropriate expectations about children’s behaviors and be proactive when dealing with challenging behaviors.
    • Honor individual differences in children and families and strive to address the unique needs of those you serve.

    Acknowledge all the great things children do on a daily basis and share those with their families often. Even though at times you may have to address topics of concern about children and youth with families, remind yourself to also highlight a child’s successes and positive attributes.

    Explore

    Explore

    Learning about the values and philosophy of professionals you know and admire can be a powerful tool toward your own professional development. Take a few minutes to interview a family child-care provider that you admire. Share and discuss your responses with a trusted colleague, mentor, or family child-care administrator.

    Apply

    Apply

    Smartphones and social media have become a way of life for most of us. In your daily interactions with children or youth, you should be very careful about handling social media. Photographs or information about children and families in your family child care home should be carefully shared if using social media. For example, you should not post pictures without prior consent for families, and you should consult with your Service or licensing agent to understand the policies around using social media as a way to communicate with families in your family child care program. You should always think about how new technologies can affect children and families and maintain confidentiality at all times. You should also consider how information you share about yourself may affect you and be careful about what you post on social media.

    Download and print the Professionalism and Social Media handout. Take a few minutes to access and read the artcle, Smartphones and Social Media: Ethical Implications for Educators at https://www.naeyc.org/system/files/YC0315_Focus_on_Ethics.pdf. After reading the article, reflect on the questions. Discuss your reflections with your coach, trainer, or family child-care administrator.

    Demonstrate

    Demonstrate
    Assessment

    Q1

    True or false? An important aspect of your work as a family child-care provider is the relationships you create with children, youth, families, and community members.

    Q2

    According to Katz’s four developmental stages, in your first year of teaching you…

    Q3

    Which of the following practices reflect professionalism in your work as a family child-care provider?

    References & Resources

    Allred, K. W., & Hancock, C. L. (2015). Reconciling leadership and partnership: Strategies to empower professionals and families. Young Children, 70(2), 46-53.

    Bloom, P. J., Hentschel, A., & Bella, J. (2013). Inspiring peak performance: Competence, commitment, and collaboration. The Director’s Toolbox Management Series. Lake Forest, IL: New Horizons.

    Division for Early Childhood. (2014). DEC recommended practices in early intervention/early childhood special education 2014. Retrieved from http://www.dec-sped.org/recommendedpractices

    Feeney, S. (2012). Professionalism in early childhood education: Doing our best for young children. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc.

    Katz, L. K. (1995). Talks with teachers of young children: A collection. Norwood, NJ: Ablex.

    Kouzes, J.M., & Posner, B.Z. (2012). The leadership challenge: How to make extraordinary things happen in organizations (5th ed). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

    National After School Association. Core knowledge and competencies for afterschool and youth development professionals. Retrieved from https://naaweb.org/resources/core-competencies

    National Association for the Education of Young Children. (2009). NAEYC standards for early childhood professional preparation: A position statement of the National Association for the Education of Young Children. Retrieved from https://www.naeyc.org/sites/default/files/globally-shared/downloads/PDFs/resources/position-statements/2009%20Professional%20Prep%20stdsRevised%204_12.pdf.

    National Association for Family Child Care. (2017). Quality standards for NAFCC accreditation. Retrieved from https://www.nafcc.org/file/bfae1239-d67e-41d9-820d-96c059842fac

    Schweikert, G. (2012). Winning ways for early childhood professionals: Being a professional. St. Paul, MN: Redleaf Press.

    Simon, F. (2015). Look up and out to lead: 20/20 vision for effective leadership. Young Children, 70(2), 18-24.

    Sullivan, D. R. (2010). Learning to lead: Effective leadership skills for teachers of young children (2nd ed.). St. Paul MN: Redleaf Press.

    Wisconsin Early Childhood Collaborating Partners. (2014). Wisconsin core competencies for professionals working with young children & their families. Retrieved from http://www.collaboratingpartners.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/CPlinkedDocs/WI_Core_Competencies_2014_16WITHlinks.pdf